IAB endorses OpenStand Principles on NTIA IOT RFC 2016

Posted on September 28th, 2016

Image: Sergey Nivens

The Internet Architecture Board (IAB), via IAB Chair Andrew Sullivan, recently responded to a Request for Comment from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) on “The Benefits, Challenges, and Potential Roles for the Government in Fostering the Advancement of the Internet of Things.”

The IAB, an Affirming Partner of the OpenStand Principles, offered these comments in May of 2016. Their comments “focus on the architectural and other technical elements of the questions offered, particularly with respect to the openness, scalability, and security of the Internet as it continues to expand to include ‘the Internet of Things.’” Leading into the commentary, the IAB expressed the belief that the questions raised in the request for comment (RFC) must be reviewed within the framework of principles and considerations of Internet architecture.

In response to the NTIA RFC, the IAB submitted comment to six questions outlined in the RFC. Those questions and subsequent IAB responses can be found here. Perhaps most of interest to OpenStand readers is the response to Question 20. Here is the question and the IAB response in their entirety:

Question 20: What factors should the Department consider in its international engagement in: a) Standards and specification organizations? b) Bilateral and multilateral engagement? c) Industry alliances? d) Other?

Response: The IAB endorses the OpenStand Principles and believes that adhering to such principles for IoT standards is essential in promoting a free and open Internet worldwide, promoting trust and confidence online, and promoting innovation in the digital economy, all of which the IAB notes are pillars defined by the Digital Economy Leadership Team (DELT).

OpenStand has written many times about how the development of IoT should adhere to open standards, resulting in a recent panel discussion on that very topic which you can view here. Open standards will help to ensure that the internet, and the IoT, remain the premier platforms for innovation and borderless commerce and are extendable to other technologies. The principles stress voluntary adoption and empower the economies of global markets — fueled by technological innovation — to drive global standards deployment. To that end, insofar as the government is involved with the Internet, those governing bodies must be aware of the essential elements Internet architecture.

We welcome OpenStand supporters to share these principles by displaying a site badge or infographic on their websites.


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Report: Smart Cities Without IoT Standards Will Waste Billions

Posted on September 21st, 2016

Image: Thinkstock

According to Industrial IoT 5g, cities implementing smart technologies to manage public utilities like water or power and to help coordinate traffic are estimated to spend upwards of $1.12 trillion on moving new initiatives forward by 2025. Most of the technology they are looking to implement is proprietary in nature, meaning that the specifications that govern those solutions are also largely proprietary, and may not adhere to established  or emerging IoT standards.

As we have highlighted on this blog, standards – particularly open standards — will play a critical role in our ability to realize the socio-economic promises of The Internet of Things (IoT).  According to Industrial IoT 5g, we can now assign a monetary amount that helps quantify the importance of standards for smart cities:

$341 Billion by 2025

It’s a research driven estimate of how much smart cities may save by adopting standardized IoT solutions. Machina Research also estimates that the adoption of standards would result in a 27% increase in connected devices within these “smart cities,” which indicates both an increase in apps and a greater adoption of apps created for smart cities.

The report asserts that ”the world would be a tidier place” if standards were developed in a more top-down manner by companies or within specific projects. Examples of top-down standards initiatives for smart cities include the Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of the  International Standards Organisation (ISO) and the International Electronical Commission and the IEC’s System Evaluation Group (SEG) on smart cities, to name a few.

Machina analyst and report author Jeremy Green states, “Open standards can [ensure] money is invested more efficiently and dramatically accelerate IoT adoption and growth.” We appreciate the emphasis on the need to develop smart cities by leveraging standards. However, as there are a number of definitions for open standards on the market, we encourage the use of standards that adhere to the OpenStand Principles of transparency, accessibility, open collaboration to support innovation for smart cities.

Machina Research’s 16-page research report is available online, with a simple registration. It includes brief descriptions of many emerging IoT standards that may be helpful to readers. For additional information on the impact open standards can have on smart cities, these two articles from Computer World and Industrial IoT5G provide additional insight and infographics.

If you agree with the principles of openness, transparency, accessibility, and market-driven standards adoption, we hope you’ll consider becoming an OpenStand Advocate. You can help spread the word by signing your name as an OpenStand supporter,  displaying a site badge or infographic on your website.

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IoT Standards will Mature with Emerging Markets

Posted on September 15th, 2016


Image: Pogonici

It took time for the Internet to evolve and mature into what it is today – growth aligned to a maturing marketplace. According to Dan Rowinkski in his article How the Internet of Things Will Evolve Just Like the Internet, the same will be true about the Internet of Things (IoT).

The general growth of the internet, at least in the early days, was slow. From ARPANET in 1969, to the introduction of the World Wide Web (WWW) 20 years later, it took time to build communication networks: They were expanded as the market became ready for them. After the advent of the www, which served as a kind of tipping point, Internet growth escalated and, for the most part, stayed consistent. The web browser was first introduced in 1995 and from there, handheld smart devices and a wealth of other internet developments grew exponentially — shaping — and being shaped — by the surrounding global marketplace. Thankfully, around the same time, OpenStand affirming partner Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1994 to develop protocols and standards to define the Web.

Each stage of this exciting growth was marked by challenges, as members of society worked  together to figure out how to develop standards that supported technology growth, innovation, interoperability and safety in the best interest of humanity. Internet standards were developed as much by necessity as desire.

The OpenStand principles were based on the exponential growth and collaboration of this period — drawing from the effective and efficient collaboration that made the Internet and the Web extensible platforms for innovation and borderless commerce. The principles stress voluntary adoption and empower the economies of global markets — fueled by technological innovation — to drive global standards deployment.

Rowinski argues that, the IoT will grow based on a pathway parallel to the internet itself. He asserts that for IoT, it may be difficult to identify a hallmark or milestone, that marks its tipping point (as the WWW did for the Internet), a development that defines the “era,” the growth will mark a similar path.

At the same time, says Rowinski, “the difference between the growth of the Internet of Things and the Internet itself is that IoT is building on top of and extending the exponential growth of the Internet.” Indeed, the two are not separate entities — but a continuing path on the growth of the Internet.

Dr. Kevin Curran of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), is quoted in agreement.  Curran asserts that “standards and consumer protections will evolve with the Internet of Things in the same way they have over the last 20 years of the Web.” He goes further to state “What we have are proprietary solutions as everyone is racing to get that killer Internet of Things device.”

As the market matures within IoT, so will standards, just have grown and matured for the Internet as we know it today. OpenStand recently posted a panel discussion on the role of open standards in expanding the IoT where we highlighted the need for balance of proprietary and open standards, emphasizing that the common values of the Internet should govern the IoT domain. One example of how this has been done effectively is the IoT alliance between Open Interconnect Consortium and Industrial Internet Consortium, which serves to underscore the idea that more open collaboration is necessary to develop the kind of interoperability necessary to ensure the success of the Internet of Things.

Innovation and technology, through the growth of the Internet and subsequent development of both proprietary and open standards, will help ready the market to take on the challenges of IoT, and pave the way for future innovation. The complexities are deeper, but that also makes the opportunity that much greater.

To learn more about OpenStand, check out our OpenStand infographics. If you stand in support of open standards development, please sign your name in support of our principals.

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AIMS Members Promote Open Standards in Media

Posted on August 31st, 2016

AIMS Members Promote Open Standards in MediaImage: TV Technology

Flemish Belgian public broadcaster VRT has carried out the first open-standards all IP-based live broadcast, according to The Alliance for IP Media Solutions (AIMS). The broadcast, a performance at the Bozar concert hall in Brussels, Belgium, took place in January of 2016.

While this is the second reported live IP-based production, this is the first produced using a workflow based entirely on open standards, specifically [SMPTE] 2022-6, AES67, PTP, and OpenFlow, which is critical to the mission of AIMS.

AIMS is a non-profit trade alliance that promotes the open standards that broadcast and media companies use to move from legacy SDI systems to a virtualized, IP-based future—quickly and profitably. By moving to IP, as opposed to SDI, in television production, the product is supported by a wider range of off-the-shelf hardware. It also means production form a virtual site as opposed to the cost of sending personnel and equipment to onsite locations.

This specific live broadcast was produced remotely without the use of an outside broadcasting (OB) vehicle. Instead, VRT used signals from “four IP cameras, 10 microphones via an IP stagebox, intercom, cam control, tally, Internet and more, were transmitted via the 10 kilometer cable at 25 Gbps.”

The concert was also done under guidance of the LiveIP Project,  a multi-vendor system integration to showcase IP-based live TV broadcast production, and a collaborative project between the European Broadcast Union and VRT.

AIMS said that it “endorses the work of LiveIP as a primary example of the growing momentum in the broadcast and media content industries towards the adoption, standardization, development and refinement of open protocols in the transition to a fully IP-based workflow, as described in the AIMS Roadmap, with support for SMPTE 2022-6, AES67 and VSF recommendations TR-03 and TR-04.”

By moving in the direction of IP-based solutions, broadcasters will have the opportunity to explore new business models, maintain best-of-breed networks and add new capabilities, allowing a vendor-neutral, open standards approach. This will also allow for a cut in time and money to adopt new technology, moving content with minimal risk of exposure and align business models to consumer behavior.

All of which align with the OpenStand Principles and we are pleased to see progress on this front.

We hope you’ll consider becoming an advocate for the OpenStand Principles in technology and standards development!

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Panel Video: The Role of OpenStandards In Expanding the IoT

Posted on August 10th, 2016

Panel Video The Role of OpenStandards In Expanding the IoTOn Tuesday, June 21st, Karen McCabe, Senior Director of Technology Policy and International Affairs at IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA), led a panel with several global leaders on Open Standards and the Internet of Things (IoT) at the International Technology Advisory Committee (ITAC) forum at the 2016 OECD Ministerial on the Digital Economy.  Joining her were:

  • Monique Morrow, CTO, Evangelist for New Frontiers Development and Engineering, CISCO
  • Laurent Liscia, CEO and Executive Director, OASIS
  • David Conrad, Chief Technology Officer, ICANN
  • Roberto Minerva, Research Coordinator at Telecom Italia Lab; Chair of the IEEE IoT Initiative
  • Luis Kun, Professor of National Security at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) at the National Defense University
  • Elsa Chan, Co-Founder, Jetlun

In addressing the great promise of the IoT, the panel sought to address the benefits and ramifications of a future, fully interconnected “smart world” where relationships between people, objects and our environments are increasingly interconnected and intertwined. Moreover, the panel sought to ask and answer key questions regarding how to address key issues related to security, privacy, interoperability, standards, legal, regulatory and rights issues — as well as the inclusion of emerging economies. Some of the key questions that were asked included the following:  

  • What is the value of open and voluntary standards in sustaining innovation in the IoT domain?
  • What is the economic rationale that goes into choosing between a particular set of competing standards?
  • What are possible frameworks and solutions for creating an enabling environment for IoT to flourish as a positive force for inclusive economic and social development?
  • Who should take such standards forward?
  • With IoT’s multifaceted nature that allows it to cross over many disciplines and vertical markets, how do stakeholders ensure a path that supports convergence and interoperability?

The discussion explored the promises and potential economic benefits of the future IoT, from cars as IoT hubs to the explosion of IoT startups.   Panelists highlighted the $341 billion dollar waste in investment of non-standardized IoT solutions, the expanding demand created by a a rapidly growing population and changing cultural climate in making a case for open standards for IoT.  They highlighted the need for a balance of proprietary and open standards, emphasizing the for the common values of the Internet (in the OpenStand tradition) to govern the IoT domain.  They also addressed the current “chaos” and the many platform challenges presented by the evolution of IOT, in addition to the practical, social and economic dynamics of this “Fourth Industrial Revolution.”  

You can view the panel yourself, below.

Among the champions for Open Standards, it is significant to note that both IEEE and CISCO are affirming partners of the OpenStand Principles.

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Open Standards Create a Vibrant, Market-Driven, Innovative Ecosystem

Posted on August 3rd, 2016

Open Standards Encourage Innovation a Vibrant Ecosystem for All Parties to ChooseImage: Vandame

Alan Woolhouse, Chair of the Weightless SIG Marketing Working Group, recently published a series of articles dedicated to Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN)  technologies and solutions. His final article in the series focuses on the positives, the negatives, and the intricacies of leveraging proprietary technologies vs. open standards in choosing LPWAN technology.

The arguments in favor of open standards for LPWAN technologies are familiar: Open standards allow for interoperability between manufacturers and have the potential to support a broader array of vendors and participants. Open standards also help create a collaborative environment with a more diverse base of participants, which can produce broader innovation. This leads to a more competitive landscape and lower costs, both on the production side, and and for consumers.

This article stresses the need for a vibrant ecosystem of suppliers on both sides of what Woodhouse calls the “two-ends” problem.  He explains, “Every wireless link has two parts, the transmitter and the receiver, or the base station and the device. Typically, the company or person buying the base station is different from the one buying the device and neither wants to be committed to buying from a particular company due to decisions made by others. Open standards allow a vibrant ecosystem of suppliers for both sides of the link, enabling each party to choose their preferred supplier.”

Woolhouse’s article also examines the Internet of Things (IoT), asking the question of whether the right standardization is in place. The answer today is unclear, and according to Woodhouse, this is leading to a lack of traction and slowing the creation of connected devices. While the recent announcement on Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF) shows positive momentum, there is relatively fragmented industry support for IoT today, and for LPWAN, no clear single standard with “multiple options in the licensed and unlicensed spectrum.” While working towards a single standard is admittedly difficult, Woolhouse comments that it is critical because “standards only function effectively when there is a single standard for each application space – Bluetooth for personal connectivity, Wi-Fi for local area networking, cellular for wide-area connectivity.”

Previous articles in Woolhouse’s series have covered additional topics necessary in defining the strength of an IoT connectivity technology such as capacity, quality of service, range, reliability, battery life, security and cost. You can the full set of articles here.

As OpenStand advocates recognize, applying the OpenStand Principles to support LPWAN and IoT standards development will not only help ensure many of the benefits Woodhouse references are realized, open standards will also help speed innovation and the advancement of technology for humanity.

If you are interested advocating for the OpenStand principles, sign your name as a supporter You may also consider displaying a site badge or infographic on your website.

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Why Open Standards Want Every Voice Heard

Posted on July 27th, 2016

Why Open Standards Want Every Voice HeardImage: DNS Africa

Do you have an idea on how to better Internet protocols? Or a suggestion for something new? If so, do you know how to make those ideas and opinions heard?

The internet is built on a history of new and novel ideas from all sorts of people and places. That is what makes it one of the most collaborative pieces of technology the world has ever seen. A recent article outlines how the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), an Affirming Partner of the OpenStand Principles encourages participation through transparent and democratic means.

In particular, this article covers the story of the IETF inviting Ukrainian Mykyta Yevstifeyev to attend a meeting to discuss his recent IETF Request for Comment (RFC). What they didn’t know was that Mykyta was only 16-years-old and couldn’t travel unaccompanied.

Why didn’t they know that detail?  The IETF has no barrier to participation and entry, which in on purpose. Suggestions can come from anywhere and anyone — including a 16 year old. The working groups of IETF are organized based on a specific technical need with individual choosing to participate based on interest via email. According to the article, there are currently 130 active working groups.

The one uniforming concept, is their alignment  with OpenStand Principles. By working within the guidance of due process, consensus, transparency, balance and openness, the IETF works to create a truly global and open internet, the goal of OpenStand. In additional, they publish all final standards online for free, adhering the availability principle. Currently, the IETF is working on issues including pervasive surveillance and the Internet of Things (IoT).

By continuing to encourage collaboration across the global population, we will continue to capture the effective and efficient standardization processes that have made the Internet and Web the premiere platforms for innovation and borderless commerce

Don’t forget to submit a formal endorsement from your technology, design or standards organization for the OpenStand Principles!

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Is It Possible for the Market Giants to Support Open Standards?

Posted on July 20th, 2016

Is it Possible for the Market Giants Support Open Standards?Image: Kanchana Koyjai

In an announcement earlier this year, major Internet industry leaders invested in the future success of IoT by creating the Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF). The OCF was created with a goal to unify IoT development in order to allow companies and developers to work together to create specifications, protocols and open source projects enabling devices and solutions that can work together as securely and seamlessly as possible.

The founding members of the OCF include industry leaders Microsoft, Cisco, Electrolux, General Electric, Intel, Qualcomm, and Samsung. According to Microsoft’s announcement, “Regardless of the manufacturer, operating system, chipset or transport – devices that adhere to the OCF specifications will simply work together.”

The biggest companies in the industry are forming this partnership to demonstrate their dedication to ensuring interoperability as a critical success element for the IoT. In addition, the OCF is committed to helping all developers and companies create “solutions that map to a single, open IoT interoperability specification.”

As more organizations begin to understand the impact IoT can have, leveraging the OpenStand Principles will help alliance and consortia develop standards that may be more easily converted into true standards by Standards Development Organizations (SDO’s). The OpenStand principles capture the effective and efficient processes that can make technologies the most ripe for innovation and borderless commerce.

For more information about the OCF, visit www.openconnectivity.org. We also hope you’ll consider becoming an advocate for the OpenStand Principles in technology and standards development.

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What Can the Future Hold for the Internet?

Posted on July 13th, 2016

What Can the Future Hold for the Internet?Image: Daniel Sallai

Earlier this year, The Internet Society (ISOC), an OpenStand Affirming Partner, initiated a project to examine the future of the Internet. They solicited hundreds of responses in order to put together a framework for future scenarios, questions and insight into what could change the Internet in the years to come – and now ISOC is reaching out to the public to populate its framework with additional detail.

According to its post, ISOC asserts that society “can’t afford to take the Internet – or its future – for granted.”  In light of this, ISOC asserts the criticality of beginning to examine, create scenarios, and participate in shaping what the future can hold for one of the world’s most powerful tools.

In issuing another survey, which closed June 26, 2016, ISOC has extended the “The Future of the Internet” project to further explore issues uncovered in its initial survey, and develop develop scenarios related to how certain forces may evolve.  The Internet has driven generation of unprecedented global innovation and economic growth.

Moving ahead, ISOC has established the following project timeline::

  • A look at the forces of change impacting the future of the Internet – Quarter 3/Quarter 4 2016
  • Draft of Future Internet Scenarios for Global Input and Comment – Quarter 4 2016
  • Release of Revised Future Internet Scenarios – Quarter 1 2017
  • Discussion papers on top Internet issues – Quarter 2 2017
  • Recommendations for creating the future Internet we want – Quarter 2 2017

Interested in getting involved in digital rights issues? Become an OpenStand advocate! You can:

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Context for Collaborative Security: RFC 7754 Blocking and Filtering

Posted on July 6th, 2016

Context for Collaborative Security RFC 7754 Blocking and FilteringImage: Sergey Nivens

There can be any number of reasons any party may choose to block and/or filter certain content on the Internet, from blocking pop-up ads, to protecting proprietary information to preventing illegal activity. The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) recently published RFC 7754 – Technical Considerations for Internet Service Blocking and Filtering, which provides advice on how to go from blocking and filtering policies to technological adoption.

Olaf Kolkman, Chief Internet Technology Officer of The Internet Society (ISOC) examined the issue of blocking and filtering on the Internet within the context of ISOC’s Collaborative Security framework on the ISOC blog. Kolkman outlines each of principles in terms of how they can inform the policy to technology implementation. Read more about the guiding principles of Collaborative Security here.

  1. Foster Confidence and Protect Opportunities: when blocking or filtering content policies are implemented, there must be transparency regarding said policies, as well as an understanding that the implementation will “not negatively impact the opportunities of those not directly involved.” This transparency should foster confidence and collaboration in adhering to the policies.
  2. Collective Responsibility: as Internet users, there is a shared responsibility towards the system as a whole and some blocking and filtering techniques “may adversely impact the way the Internet is collectively managed” either during technology implementation or in secondary impacts.
  3. Fundamental Properties and Values: solutions should honor basic human rights and preserve the fundamental properties of the Internet, the Internet Invariants, “features of the technical architecture that, if impacted significantly and long term, would adversely shape the course of its future.”
  4. Evolution and Consensus: Effective security must take into account the evolutionary qualities of both the policy requirements and implementation methods. Kolkman states that “The technology-neutral expression of the policy requirement needs to involve a broad set of stakeholders and should include technological specialists in order to assure there are no side effects negatively impacting other key aspects mentioned here.”
  5. Think Globally, act Locally: to find the most impactful solution, there must be voluntary self-organization. Blocking and filtering on a presumed local level can still have global impacts. By thinking on a larger scale, organizations can provide minimal global impact.

While RCF 7754 provides advice that can help to address some of the aforementioned aspects, it concludes that there is no best way to perform blocking and filtering. Each situation needs to be reviewed within the context of the situation, the content in question, while questioning if the societal costs are too high.

To that end, Kolkman argues that, in some cases, technology may not be the best way to implement these types of policies. He concludes his post by urging the internet community to “Think Globally, act locally, but also think creatively and act collaboratively.”

Both IAB and ISOC are affirming partners of the OpenStand Principles.  The guiding principles of Collaborative Security align with those of OpenStand, supporting and advocating for open standards development approaches to cybersecurity with specific regard to cooperation and collective empowerment. Respectful cooperation among standards organizations is critical as the development community commits to the development of standards that best support the needs of the global community.

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