Recap of the IETF Meeting in Berlin

Posted on November 30th, 2016

ietf-openstandImage: Toria

A Recap of IETF 96

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting, hosted in July 2016, concluded with a wealth of discussion and activity aimed at furthering the goal of improving Internet efficiency by producing high quality, relevant technical documents that influence the way people design, use and manage the Internet.

Attendance at IETF 96 was unprecedented, including more than 1462 participants from 62 countries (more countries than ever before) including 316 first time attendees. During the meeting 12 new working group proposals were proposed, and it is estimated that over half of these groups will be approved as formal working groups. This year’s meeting also saw fair share of highlights, including the launch of a new and unique mentoring program and the annual Hackathon, which are highlighted with other details below.  You can watch the full recap of IETF 96 here:

Mentoring Program:

“This meeting was also the first for our new mentoring system. Volunteers from the IETF attendees had set up 50 mentors helping new people find their way in the IETF, for instance to establish contacts with other people. For me, an important part of the meeting is the ability to interact with other people building devices in the Internet. Specifications aside, these interactions are a crucial part of setting up new, interoperable technology to the Internet,” said Jari Arkko, IETF Chair.

Hackathon:  

The annual IETF Hackathon encourages developers to collaborate and develop utilities, ideas, sample code and solutions that show practical implementations of IETF standards. This year, IETF 96 was kicked off with the Hackathon. “There is growing engagement between the Open Source communities and the IETF. The IETF Hackathon had more participants than ever and we experimented with having a place for it in the IETF Lounge all week.”

Additional highlights included work proposals related to the Internet of Things (IoT), home networking and multimedia communications from browsers. One particularly interesting work proposal was called Advanced Queue Management (AQM). The AQM work proposal is an “effort attempting to make sure that bad router buffering practices do not waste capacity. This group has a real chance of improving how responsive the Internet feels to individual users, even without increasing their broadband connection speed.”

In all, IETF hosted yet another successful meeting full of engineers talking to each other, implementers sharing experiences, operators explaining their needs, and many other useful conversations designed to progress and betterment of the Internet. If you’re interested, you can read more about additional meeting highlights and proceedings.

The IETF an affirming partner of the OpenStand Principles.  You can show your support for open standards in these three ways:

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Forbes Council Discusses the Differences Between Open vs Closed Standards

Posted on November 9th, 2016

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A recent article in Forbes magazine asked nine technology and members of Forbes Technology Council their thoughts on regarding the issue of open versus proprietary standards in developing software for the Internet of Things (IoT). In various posts on this blog, we have highlighted the differences between technical specifications and standards, and have encouraged IoT development community to embrace the OpenStand principles. Here are a few examples: W3C and the McKinsey Report.

The experts from the Forbes council had varying opinions on the use of open vs. proprietary standards for IoT:

Sagi Brodi of Webair said, “Companies will adopt open standards to ease interoperability and get to market faster,” further acknowledging that there is room for both in the marketplace and that it will be a matter of natural selection.

Bishnu Nayak of FixStream Inc., took a similar stance, asserting hybrid solution will win in the end. Both open standard and proprietary technologies have benefits it just will come down to distilling those benefits and finding a solution combining both.

Ashley Saddul of Recruiter.com agreed with Nayak’s hybrid solution, arguing that while the IoT is still early in its development, companies see the potential and will look to secure market advantages. Saddul asserts that we will eventually end up with a premium commercial standard with a less sophisticated open-source alternative.

Marko Lehtimaki from AppGyver provided a different view, that both proprietary and open standards can succeed. “There will likely be a handful of platforms and protocols which IOT devices need to support. Open standards will spark more innovation, but proprietary technology might provide a better user experience.”

Nicholas Thompson of Grit, pointed out that open standards historically facilitate the level of interoperability, which allows for hardware and software components to work more seamlessly.  Thus, he argues, open standards normally win out.

The exception to this rule could be related to proprietary standards.

Gurpreet Singh of TalkLocal, advocates for “strength in exclusivity.” Singh asserts that the level of customer loyalty and brand power will allow powerhouses like Apple to develop their own standards, which will co-exist with open standards. Because of this dynamic, Singh asserts that Apple will pull ahead because of higher quality control and marketing dollars.

Where you do fall on this debate? Let us know in the comments below!

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We Can’t Build the IoT Without Open Standards

Posted on November 2nd, 2016

openstandImage: Rupert Ganzer

In previous posts, we’ve discussed at length the need for open standards as a development framework for the Internet of Things (IoT) – and we’re not the only source to repeat this call.

“It’s time to say it loud and clear: we won’t build the Internet of Things without open standards.”

A recent article in Radar titled Toward an open Internet of Things outlines the critical need to develop the IoT with open standards. Innovation and collaboration, as outlined in our Principles, is critical to the success of the internet and IoT. Proprietary standards that don’t foster interoperability and data sharing will not fulfill the promise of the IoT. Yet, our current market perpetuates the impulse to lock down IP for competitive gain and profit. In the long-term, it won’t drive a win for the IoT or the people it serves.  As Radar said it:

“With the Internet of Things, it’s deja vu all over again. The vendors who provide public APIs and support open standards will succeed in the long run. Likewise, the vendors who try to trap consumers behind proprietary software and non-interoperable products will eventually fail, to everyone’s detriment. If you win the IoT, you lose it.”

Like what you read? You might enjoy our post, “The Expanding Internet of Things Presents Big Security Challenges for Tech Industry.”

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World Standards Day 2016 Theme is “Standards Build Trust”

Posted on October 26th, 2016

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World Standards Day, held on October 14th each year, honors the collaborative efforts of the global network of experts working to develop voluntary technical agreements published as international standards. These experts belong to Open Stand Partner organizations such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and  International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

The theme of this year’s World Standards Day was “Standards Build Trust,” a reflection of the trust and assurance given to users by ensuring interoperability of devices. Users and providers, because of this assurance, have an expectation for certain technology created by a level playing field.

According to Mary Lynne Nielsen global operations and outreach program director for IEEE Standards Association (an OpenStand Affirming Partner) “Standards connect us with reliable modes of communication, codes of practice and trusted frameworks for cooperation. Introducing common interpretations on reciprocal sides of a communication or transaction, standards are essential to mutually beneficial trade and resource efficient international commerce.”

This may sound familiar to those who understand and embrace the OpenStand Principles.

International standards arrange the fundamental set of norms, concepts or meanings, meaning access to all interested and informed parties. This year’s World Standards Day highlighted the quality and safety international standards bring, while celebrating the diversity of the “interconnected world, introducing uniformity at the interfaces where we need to be certain that we are speaking on the same terms.”

World Standards Day was launched in 1970 with an aim to “raise awareness among regulators, industry and consumers as to the importance of standardization to the global economy.” The U.S. celebration consisted of a reception and gala dinner at the Fairmont Washington in Washington, D.C.

If you agree with the principles of openness, transparency, accessibility, and market-driven standards adoption, celebrated at World Standards Day, we hope you’ll consider becoming an OpenStand Advocate. You can help spread the word by signing your name as an OpenStand supporter,  displaying a site badge or infographic on your website.

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Upcoming Workshop: Web and Virtual Reality October 19-20 in CA

Posted on October 13th, 2016

virtual-reality-openstandImage: Matej Kastelic

Later this month, W3C is hosting a one-of-a-kind event to examine the intersection of Web and Virtual Reality (VR) technologies. The Web & Virtual Reality Workshop, held October 19-20 in Mountain View, CA, will bring together practitioners of both technologies, allowing an opportunity for discussion and sharing of experiences to improve the Open Web Platform as a delivery system for virtual reality experiences.  

The workshop is designed for participants to:

  • Share experiences in VR and related fields.
  • Discuss existing gaps in the web platform to solve for VR use cases that are difficult or impossible in browsers today.
  • Identify potential future standards and establish timelines to enable the Web to be one of the major, and most successful, VR platforms.

This event will be more than just listening to talks and presentations. It is designed for active participation and working discussions covering a wide variety of topics. An overview of preliminary topics is available here.

Discussion around VR, its uses and viable platforms is becoming more important as advancements in the technology continue. Using the web as a VR platform allows a preexisting environment for the “creation, distribution, and experiencing of VR content, applications, and services.In leveraging the Open Web Platform, we hope to provide an interoperability to avoid fragmentation and duplicated effort.”

But this doesn’t just benefit VR. The web platform itself can benefit through “new possibilities offered by ubiquitous VR from improved 3D graphics and media capabilities to tight integration with immersive sensors, and on to new ways of discovering and interacting with content and services.”

All of this, and more, will be covered through workshop discussions.

The W3C is valued partner in supporting Open-Stand Principles. Show your support in these three ways:

Sign Your Name to express your public individual or organizational support.

Get a Site Badge to display your support on your site or blog.

Submit a formal endorsement from your organization for our site.

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IETF 96 Berlin: New Activities Announced

Posted on October 12th, 2016

ietf-96-berlin-openstandImage: Mapics

Earlier this year, OpenStand Principles affirming partner, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) hosted IETF 96 in Berlin, Germany. More than a thousand engineers attended the meeting, spending a week reviewing the latest issues and areas of interest in Internet protocol engineering. As part of this meeting, the IETF offers the opportunity for new development projects to be introduced.

New IETF activities may be initiated three ways: The charter of an existing working group can be extended, a new working group can be formed to directly address a focused project, or if further discussion is needed to determine if the new work is necessary, a Birds-of-a-Feather (BoF) session can be held. BoF sessions are typically required to discuss goals and scope for any new activities.

At the IETF 96 meeting, many proposals were received. Prior to the meeting, the IETF met to discuss which proposals should proceed. While there were many interesting proposals for potential new work, the IETF settled on the following:

  • LEDGER: This is a proposed new protocol to define how connectors route and move digital assets between different payment networks and ledgers.
  • QUIC: This is a UDP-based transport protocol that provides multiplexed streams over an encrypted transport. The BoF was around a proposed working group to standardize a new transport protocol.
  • Low-Power Wide Area Networks (LP-WANs): This BoF discussed these areas of low-power and the problems that arise in LP-WANs. Specifically, how would IETF-based solutions benefit them?
  • Path Layer UDP Substrate (PLUS): The BoF discussing PLUS had a goal of enabling new protocols robust against packet and Internet flow modification compatible with existing middleboxes
  • Low Latency Low Loss Scalable (L4S) throughput: the L4S group worked on coordinating transport mechanisms for both low latency and low loss, keeping it scalable and if IETF standards would be beneficial.
  • Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS): this BoF focused on  Intelligent Transportation Systems, meaning the use of Internet communication protocols between vehicles.
  • Limited Use of Remote Keys (LURK):  this group looked at using a secure transport layer to provide access to a website that employs HTTPS without having to copy private keys associated with the site.
  • International Meeting Arrangements (IMTG): this BoF focused on IETF requirements for selecting future meeting sites.

Be sure to check out additional details on this BoFs, proposed research groups, other big topics, and in-process working groups and information on the proceedings from the meeting.

If you’re interested in learning more about OpenStand, check out our infographics. If you stand in support of open standards development, please, consider signing your name in support of our principals if you stand in support of open standards development.

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IAB endorses OpenStand Principles on NTIA IOT RFC 2016

Posted on September 28th, 2016

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Image: Sergey Nivens

The Internet Architecture Board (IAB), via IAB Chair Andrew Sullivan, recently responded to a Request for Comment from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) on “The Benefits, Challenges, and Potential Roles for the Government in Fostering the Advancement of the Internet of Things.”

The IAB, an Affirming Partner of the OpenStand Principles, offered these comments in May of 2016. Their comments “focus on the architectural and other technical elements of the questions offered, particularly with respect to the openness, scalability, and security of the Internet as it continues to expand to include ‘the Internet of Things.’” Leading into the commentary, the IAB expressed the belief that the questions raised in the request for comment (RFC) must be reviewed within the framework of principles and considerations of Internet architecture.

In response to the NTIA RFC, the IAB submitted comment to six questions outlined in the RFC. Those questions and subsequent IAB responses can be found here. Perhaps most of interest to OpenStand readers is the response to Question 20. Here is the question and the IAB response in their entirety:

Question 20: What factors should the Department consider in its international engagement in: a) Standards and specification organizations? b) Bilateral and multilateral engagement? c) Industry alliances? d) Other?

Response: The IAB endorses the OpenStand Principles and believes that adhering to such principles for IoT standards is essential in promoting a free and open Internet worldwide, promoting trust and confidence online, and promoting innovation in the digital economy, all of which the IAB notes are pillars defined by the Digital Economy Leadership Team (DELT).

OpenStand has written many times about how the development of IoT should adhere to open standards, resulting in a recent panel discussion on that very topic which you can view here. Open standards will help to ensure that the internet, and the IoT, remain the premier platforms for innovation and borderless commerce and are extendable to other technologies. The principles stress voluntary adoption and empower the economies of global markets — fueled by technological innovation — to drive global standards deployment. To that end, insofar as the government is involved with the Internet, those governing bodies must be aware of the essential elements Internet architecture.

We welcome OpenStand supporters to share these principles by displaying a site badge or infographic on their websites.

 

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Report: Smart Cities Without IoT Standards Will Waste Billions

Posted on September 21st, 2016

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Image: Thinkstock

According to Industrial IoT 5g, cities implementing smart technologies to manage public utilities like water or power and to help coordinate traffic are estimated to spend upwards of $1.12 trillion on moving new initiatives forward by 2025. Most of the technology they are looking to implement is proprietary in nature, meaning that the specifications that govern those solutions are also largely proprietary, and may not adhere to established  or emerging IoT standards.

As we have highlighted on this blog, standards – particularly open standards — will play a critical role in our ability to realize the socio-economic promises of The Internet of Things (IoT).  According to Industrial IoT 5g, we can now assign a monetary amount that helps quantify the importance of standards for smart cities:

$341 Billion by 2025

It’s a research driven estimate of how much smart cities may save by adopting standardized IoT solutions. Machina Research also estimates that the adoption of standards would result in a 27% increase in connected devices within these “smart cities,” which indicates both an increase in apps and a greater adoption of apps created for smart cities.

The report asserts that ”the world would be a tidier place” if standards were developed in a more top-down manner by companies or within specific projects. Examples of top-down standards initiatives for smart cities include the Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of the  International Standards Organisation (ISO) and the International Electronical Commission and the IEC’s System Evaluation Group (SEG) on smart cities, to name a few.

Machina analyst and report author Jeremy Green states, “Open standards can [ensure] money is invested more efficiently and dramatically accelerate IoT adoption and growth.” We appreciate the emphasis on the need to develop smart cities by leveraging standards. However, as there are a number of definitions for open standards on the market, we encourage the use of standards that adhere to the OpenStand Principles of transparency, accessibility, open collaboration to support innovation for smart cities.

Machina Research’s 16-page research report is available online, with a simple registration. It includes brief descriptions of many emerging IoT standards that may be helpful to readers. For additional information on the impact open standards can have on smart cities, these two articles from Computer World and Industrial IoT5G provide additional insight and infographics.

If you agree with the principles of openness, transparency, accessibility, and market-driven standards adoption, we hope you’ll consider becoming an OpenStand Advocate. You can help spread the word by signing your name as an OpenStand supporter,  displaying a site badge or infographic on your website.

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IoT Standards will Mature with Emerging Markets

Posted on September 15th, 2016

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Image: Pogonici

It took time for the Internet to evolve and mature into what it is today – growth aligned to a maturing marketplace. According to Dan Rowinkski in his article How the Internet of Things Will Evolve Just Like the Internet, the same will be true about the Internet of Things (IoT).

The general growth of the internet, at least in the early days, was slow. From ARPANET in 1969, to the introduction of the World Wide Web (WWW) 20 years later, it took time to build communication networks: They were expanded as the market became ready for them. After the advent of the www, which served as a kind of tipping point, Internet growth escalated and, for the most part, stayed consistent. The web browser was first introduced in 1995 and from there, handheld smart devices and a wealth of other internet developments grew exponentially — shaping — and being shaped — by the surrounding global marketplace. Thankfully, around the same time, OpenStand affirming partner Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1994 to develop protocols and standards to define the Web.

Each stage of this exciting growth was marked by challenges, as members of society worked  together to figure out how to develop standards that supported technology growth, innovation, interoperability and safety in the best interest of humanity. Internet standards were developed as much by necessity as desire.

The OpenStand principles were based on the exponential growth and collaboration of this period — drawing from the effective and efficient collaboration that made the Internet and the Web extensible platforms for innovation and borderless commerce. The principles stress voluntary adoption and empower the economies of global markets — fueled by technological innovation — to drive global standards deployment.

Rowinski argues that, the IoT will grow based on a pathway parallel to the internet itself. He asserts that for IoT, it may be difficult to identify a hallmark or milestone, that marks its tipping point (as the WWW did for the Internet), a development that defines the “era,” the growth will mark a similar path.

At the same time, says Rowinski, “the difference between the growth of the Internet of Things and the Internet itself is that IoT is building on top of and extending the exponential growth of the Internet.” Indeed, the two are not separate entities — but a continuing path on the growth of the Internet.

Dr. Kevin Curran of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), is quoted in agreement.  Curran asserts that “standards and consumer protections will evolve with the Internet of Things in the same way they have over the last 20 years of the Web.” He goes further to state “What we have are proprietary solutions as everyone is racing to get that killer Internet of Things device.”

As the market matures within IoT, so will standards, just have grown and matured for the Internet as we know it today. OpenStand recently posted a panel discussion on the role of open standards in expanding the IoT where we highlighted the need for balance of proprietary and open standards, emphasizing that the common values of the Internet should govern the IoT domain. One example of how this has been done effectively is the IoT alliance between Open Interconnect Consortium and Industrial Internet Consortium, which serves to underscore the idea that more open collaboration is necessary to develop the kind of interoperability necessary to ensure the success of the Internet of Things.

Innovation and technology, through the growth of the Internet and subsequent development of both proprietary and open standards, will help ready the market to take on the challenges of IoT, and pave the way for future innovation. The complexities are deeper, but that also makes the opportunity that much greater.

To learn more about OpenStand, check out our OpenStand infographics. If you stand in support of open standards development, please sign your name in support of our principals.

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